Preparation
above the gums

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Why replace a missing tooth ?

Base Notions

The tooth is a hard organ, with an ivory color, that allows us to chew food. It is composed of enamel (visible part), the dentine and the pulp. Even if problems touch the enamel first, they only hurt when the problem reaches the dentine.

Stegix

The Periodontium is the union of all the tissues that support the tooth.  It is composed of the alveolar bone, the periodontal ligament, the gum and the cement on the root of the tooth. The role of the periodontal ligament is very important because it is like a bumper that protects the bone from the pressure made by the teeth when they contact while chewing, swallowing and bruxing (grinding or clenching the teeth). This dental bumper can be compared with the air pockets that we find in some athletic footwear to protect the heel from the pressures felt by the feet during a walk or a run.

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Saliva is a biological liquid secreted by the salivary glands inside the mouth. It is very important for speaking and chewing as well as swallowing. It also has important proprieties that maintain the integrity of the teeth, this means, it protects teeth from acids made by food residues. Saliva is rich in calcium and phosphates that favor the re-mineralization of the enamel.

Saliva is a biological liquid secreted by the salivary glands inside the mouth. It is very important for speaking and chewing as well as swallowing. It also has important proprieties that maintain the integrity of the teeth, this means, it protects teeth from acids made by food residues. Saliva is rich in calcium and phosphates that favor the re-mineralization of the enamel.

Replacing a missing tooth protects all the others.

Losing a tooth isn’t only an esthetic problem.

  • A missing tooth will cause movement of the other teeth. It will influence the appearance of cavities, the accumulation of dental plaque as well as gum disease.
  • Gum disease, technically known as periodontal disease, or periodontitis, is another factor to consider.  The first stage is called gingivitis is characterized by swollen or bleeding gums. If the inflammation increases, it causes the second stage characterized by bone loss around the roots that support the teeth. The gums that surround the teeth recede down exposing more and more of the roots, and eventually, loosen the teeth. This process is called recession, and it is really part of the process of periodontal disease

Replace a missing tooth in time is fundamental because it will stabilize the surrounding teeth and reduce the risk of their degradation and consequently their loss. It’s interesting to see how often a missing tooth influences the loss of other teeth.

Stegix

As shown in the illustration, the consequences of not replacing a missing tooth can be enormous:

  • Excessive force on the surrounding teeth;
  • Inclining of the neighboring teeth into the space created by the missing tooth;
  • Migration of the superior molar that no longer have contact;
  • Dental cavities;
  • Dental plaque accumulation;
  • Hardened plaque accumulation, called calculus in the USA, or tarter in Britain;
  • Gum diseases

A complete and regular dental check can preserve good health and assure comfort

"Your teeth are responsible for the spatial organization of the mouth and face."

Every time that we close our mouth, the jawbone searches for the position where our teeth stay in an optimal position with regards to the superior teeth.

Stegix

"Good health starts in the mouth."

If the teeth change their form (bruxism, dental cavities, etc…) or their position (for example orthodontic problems), the position of the jawbone during their maximal intercuspal position will also change. This changing of position will produce some malfunctions for all the involved structures (muscles and ligaments of the head and neck, tongue, temporal-mandibular articulation, etc…), and it can lead to several health problems at different levels:

  • with digestion because the quality and the quantity of saliva can change;
  • breathing complications because opening your mouth can be limited;
  • in the cranium functions as nerve cells can be disturbed by abnormal pressures, created by  teeth that close in a poor axis;
  • in the spinal column because the back of the tongue will push the cervical

A complete and straight dentition can help to avoid several health problems. It is important to remember that the skull, where all the chewing process takes place, is the vault of our health and that the spinal cord is the route that allows information to pass. Dentists can be considered  "health architects" because replacing a missing tooth is considerably more than a simple question of esthetic, it’s a functional question.

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